What Is Sciatica? What Are Its Causes, Symptoms And Treatments?

Sciatica is a very common medical problem most patients visit orthopedic surgeons for. Let’s discuss what sciatica really is, the causes, symptoms and management options.

Sciatica

It refers to pain along the path of the sciatic nerve. The pain is typically severe and acute in onset, radiates through the buttocks and thighs all the way down to your legs. It typically involves only one side of the body.

Sciatica occurs when there is some hindrance across the path of the nerve, whether its due to spinal compression, a herniated vertebral disc or a bony spur compressing the nerve roots altogether.

This can lead to severe pain affecting only one side of the body, local signs of inflammation such as redness and swelling may be evident. There may be associated numbness in the legs occasionally.

Symptoms of Sciatica

Symptoms are quite typical and can lead to a spot diagnosis. Usually severe onset pain that radiates down the lumbar spine and across the back of your legs is the diagnostic feature of sciatica. You can typically feel signs of discomfort and numbness virtually anywhere across the path of distribution of the nerve.

The pain can vary in character, it is usually mild to severe in intensity, patients usually describe the pain as a sudden electric jolt, tingling sensation or a sharp ache across the back of the legs.  Patients can complain of exaggeration of the pain due to coughing, sneezing or sitting in a specific posture.

Causes of Sciatica

Causes can vary widely from person to person. Usually a herniated disc or a compression of the nerve by a bony spur can lead to sciatica onset. Rare causes of sciatica include compression by a tumor or degeneration of the nerve due to chronic diabetes.

Risk Factors

Factors that promote the development of sciatica in the general population include:

  1. Age

Age related bone degenerative changes such as bony spurs and herniated vertebral discs are the most common cause of sciatica.

  1. Obesity

Excessive body fat can lead to added stress on the spine that can exacerbate sciatica pain. People who are overweight and pregnant women are at highest risk to develop sciatica.

  1. Occupational Risk

Your profession could increase the likelihood of you developing sciatica later in life. Jobs that require heavy weight lifting, twisting and turning off the spine like factory loaders, or truck drivers are at an increased risk because of trauma to the spine.

  1. Prolonged Sitting

People who tend to sit for longer periods of time, lack of exercise and excessive amounts of sitting bent for hours at the computer screen are more likely to develop the disease.

  1. Diabetes

People who have developed diabetes are more likely to develop sciatica because of the nerve damage associated with the disease.

Complications

Complications associated with sciatica can be life threatening, debilitating and require urgent surgical intervention before the damage becomes permanent. We urge you to seek immediate medical attention if you begin to feel weakness and loss of sensation in the affected limb. Bowel and bladder limitations are also dreadful indications of seeing your doctor promptly.

Treatment For Sciatica

Treatment options for sciatica usually don’t involve surgery unless patients present with chronic sciatica associated with the complications discussed above.

  1. Home Remedies for Sciatica

Some management options that you can do within the comforts of your own home include applying hot and ice cold packs and see which provides the most relief.

  1. Medication

Over the counter pain relief medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen, known in medical terms as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications can help in speeding the recovery and reduce the pain symptoms. Sometimes steroid injections may be used to alleviate local signs of inflammation.

  1. Exercising

While recovering, try to maintain an active lifestyle. Try to keep optimum activity levels throughout the day, but be sure to not overdo anything. Practicing yoga and tai chi can help stabilize the core and stabilize the affected area.

  1. Surgery

If the problem is due to a compression in the spinal cord or a herniated vertebral disc, surgery is an option. By opting for surgery, the back pain doctor McLean can remove the disc or the bony spur to help relieve the compression on the nerve and reduce pain levels.

How To Spot Handmade Rugs

Buying rugs is an art and it can be difficult to identify the handmade rugs from the synthetic ones. With these easy tips, you can identify the distinction between them like an expert.

Take a Look at the Back Of the Rug

Many vendors will claim that the rug is handmade but don’t fall into their trap. They will continue to the front as the carpet is genuine but you can easily find that out yourself by taking a look at the back of the carpet. An oriental rug which is hand-knotted will always have a softback which will be the mirror image of the front. If this is not the case, move along from the rug store as the rug is not authentic. A synthetic rug will have a hard plastic back which will be perfectly weft and knotted rather the unevenness of a handmade rug.

Check the Fringes of the Rug

The foundation threads are referred to as weft threads. These weft threads should be horizontally aligned with the fringes of the rug to indicate that they are authentic. These fringes are made out of warp threads, however, the machine-made rugs cannot do that. If the warp thread is sewn or glued into the rug at the fringes then it is synthetic and made to look like an authentic rug but if the fringes are completely aligned with the rug then it is genuine.

Bleeding Colors

An authentic oriental rug will never lose its color as it is made from the material that has original and natural dye of vegetables. This practice was done way back when rugs were originally invented because there was no synthetic dye available at the time. This practice is still in effect for the making of authentic rugs so that they make you feel the same way as they did people hundreds of years ago. The artificial rugs use up dye which gives the exact same and sometimes even more vibrant colors but the disadvantage is that the colors bleed and they don’t last. They can lose their colors if they are being used in a house area that has heavy traffic.

The color is hard to detect at first sight but to check the authenticity of the rug, you will have to place a damp cloth overnight and see if there is any color on that cloth. If there is, then the dye is not natural and hence, the rug is not authentic.

Check If It Is Made Out of Wool

The material that is used in the making of a rug is very important. Wool has been the trademark material for centuries and the essence that it brings along with the history is irreplaceable. The material looks beautiful and has a feel of its own that cannot be matched. Silk and cotton are also a natural option which is used in lieu of wool to make a rug cheaper. Other than that, if the rug is made of synthetic materials like polyester, acrylic, nylon or polypropylene then it is not handmade and not even natural. Make sure that you have the knowledge about the materials used in the rug.

Price Tag

The price of the rug is another thing that you should keep an eye out. It can also indicate a red flag. If a vendor claims that the rug is authentic but he is selling it for very cheap that looks like a steal then it is better to move away from the situation because the original rugs have so much hard work put into them that’s why they are expensive. Don’t be attracted by the price.

Traditional Rugs

The art of handmade rugs has been around for centuries and originated from Persia. These traditional rugs have the most details into them. The patterns, the design and the color of the traditional rugs cannot match the rugs of today. The art of hand-knotted rugs is still practiced today and they are very popular in households. For a person, who likes to rugs and carpets and has a passion for collecting them must always look to buy a traditional rug.

Rug stores Vienna VA may have every kind of rugs, but with these tips, you can identify handmade rugs easily by yourself.

What To Do Before Hair Transplantation?

Hair loss can take place due to variety of reasons. It can also be simply genetic but can be cured through hair transplant surgery. It does not have significant side effects if done by a specialist and will help in getting your look back. Let us discuss some tips to help you prepare for the process.

Are You the Right Candidate?

The first thing hair transplantation doctors will do is to determine whether you are the right candidate or not. In other words, you carefully need to observe your situation and decide whether the process is going to improve it, since hair transplant does not intend to be fruitful in every case. Some may develop rashes and allergies as side effects.

A person who has stabilized hair loss is the perfect candidate for the process since hair transplant does not help in stopping hair loss. Therefore, if your hair loss has just started, you might not want to go through the procedure.

Working With What You Have

Hair transplants tend to be a work of art at the same time. It is a procedure that no doubt requires impeccable concentration and patience. Hair transplants will only work with what you have. If you have a hairline that is receding or thinning hair, the process requires transplanting hair from different areas of the scalp. Usually in most cases, the hair is taken from the back or the sides and transplanted in the area where there is thinning. In some cases where the client has gone completely bald, the specialist might not be able to help but may offer different treatments to help your case.

Clinic and Doctor Selection

Pertinent to hair transplant, it is of crucial importance that you select and choose your clinic and doctor wisely. Do not just blindly follow the advertisements and suggestions but also do research on your own behalf to find out the best. Hair transplants are expensive procedures, while you might be spending half of your savings on it, you might want to make sure that the investment goes to the right place. In such cases, getting ripped off is one thing but the side effects are another. Since it is something that is directly related to your health, you do not want to be playing with it. Therefore, take your time while selecting both the doctor as well as the clinic. Ask your friends and relatives around to have your lucky charm working.

Hair Transplant Techniques

As already mentioned, it is important to keep your side well researched and prepared. Among the hair transplant techniques present today, the most popular is Follicular unit extraction. Such techniques will help in severe and critical cases and are both pain and scar free. There are certain things however that you need to consider before having a hair transplant.

  1. Before the surgery, wash your hair well
  2. Supplements of any kind are not recommended and after the procedure you will have to follow hair care instructions religiously to keep your hair intact.

To know more about what to do before the hair transplantation procedure. Follow below.

How To Prepare For Hair Transplantation?

  1. Don’t smoke for at-least 24 hours before the surgery.
  2. Don’t have any alcoholic drink for three days before the procedure.
  3. As you need growth in the donor area, don’t have a haircut for some time when going for hair transplantation.
  4. Your doctor may prescribe medication before the surgery. Do take it as advised.
  5. Don’t take any aspirin or anti-inflammatory drug for two weeks before the hair transplantation procedure. Same goes for anti-depressants, blood thinning, beta blockers, and multivitamins.
  6. If you’re over 45, your doctor may require you to undergo tests like ECG and blood test before the procedure.
Post-Surgery Precautions

After having the procedure/surgery, your doctor will advise you to be very careful and follow the set precautions. It will take time for you to come back to your normal routine and can expect some minimal side effects.

Overall, hair transplantation has become a risk free process nowadays due to remarkable developments. However the process does not end at choosing the best hair transplantation doctors Bethesda. Following the post-surgery instructions from your end will matter as well. Therefore, think hard before deciding to go with the process.

How To Care For Marble Countertops

Marble countertops provide an elegant look to your house but to keep them shine like new for a long time, they require some care from your side as well. Here are a few tips to care for your marble countertops.

Use a Good Sealant

New marble countertops don’t come with a sealant on them and since marble countertops have many pores, it is extremely essential to apply a sealant on it to cover the pores. If you won’t have a sealant on your countertop, every spill and stain would make a way through the pores and settle deeper into the marble making the stain permanent. Applying sealant is very simple that you can do it yourself easily but, if you doubt your skills, just ask your contractor for it.

How To Apply a Sealant

Here’s what you should do to seal your marble countertop. The process is pretty easy:

  • Buy a good sealant.
  • Clean the surface and make it dry completely.
  • Pour the sealant little by little on the countertop.
  • Wipe it gently using a soft piece of cloth.
  • Make sure the entire countertop is sealed equally.

Refresh the Seal Regularly

Once you have sealed your marble countertop, remember that a good sealant stays perfectly approximately a year. As soon as one year completes, refresh the sealant by reapplying it with the same method. Keeping your sealant fresh is a great way to keep its look maintained.

Use Gentle Surface Cleaners and a Soft Cloth

For a year-long lifespan of your sealant, it is suggested by the experts to use mild surface cleaners and soft (non-abrasive) cloth to clean your countertop. Care for it countertops properly and on a regular basis so that you won’t have to spend a lot of money on countertop replacement after every couple of years.

Clean the Spills Immediately

After getting your countertop sealed, don’t take the spills easy because sometimes spills sneak through the sealant as well. Under some circumstances, even water can leave stains so, make sure that you clean the spills immediately. Spills of citrus, tomato and vinegar can even cause etching on the countertop so, never let them rest at any cost and wipe them off using surface cleaners as soon as possible. You can use paper towels for cleaning. Also, rather than directly putting water bottles and glass on the countertop, use mats or trays for it so that liquid doesn’t come in contact with the marble.

Clean on a Daily Basis

Regular cleaning would make your kitchen countertop shine flawlessly for a long time. As marble has an extremely delicate and contemporary look, you would definitely not want its appearance to be compromised because of dust sitting on it. So, as soon as your work is done, clean the countertop appropriately. And even if you don’t use the countertops much, grab a soft cloth and clean it on alternate days to prevent the dust from settling onto it.

Remove the Stains

If you see tough stains on your marble countertop then it is probably a sign that the sealant has lost its efficiency and it’s about time to give your countertop a new sealant finish. But, prior to the reapplication, remove all the tenacious stains. However, the penetrated stains don’t usually get cleaned easily by the action of surface cleaners, stronger action is required. Mix baking soda and acetone, apply it onto the stains, leave for about 24 hours and then soak it using a paper towel, the stains would come off completely.

Cleaning and Maintaining Marble Countertops Is Pretty Easy

If you have already read the above guide, you would be thinking marble countertops are difficult to maintain, but in fact, marble cooktops are easy to maintain as compared to granite and quartz. You do need to clean them regularly just as every other countertop. However, if you want countertops that are low maintenance, here’s the list of most easy to maintain kitchen countertops:

  1. Laminate countertops: As they are synthetic they are stainproof and quite durable.
  2. Silestone/quartz countertops: They are non-pours and stain proof.
  3. Next is soapstone countertops: It’s not damaged by heat and also scratch resistant.

In conclusion, follow the mentioned tips to take care of your marble countertops and if you are looking for countertop replacement Raleigh NC, we have given some excellent low maintenance options.

How To Impress House Buyers

Without sellers’ agent DC, you cannot impress the house buyers. We have listed some useful tips that will leave your home buyer interested in your house. Follow these tips. 

Revamp House Front

The house front should be renovated and revamped. It will leave a great first impression on new visitors as well as the agents. You can make your house look in a better condition to the new buyers. They will be interested this way which can save you a lot of time.

Give a Lick of New Paint to House

You should also start painting the house. For this, choose some light colors instead of the bright and dark ones. Paint in such a way that the house looks new and rooms look more spacious.

Change Furniture Positions

The arrangement of the furniture and other accessories inside the rooms is very important when it comes to impressing the house buyers. Staging your house by rearranging everything in a beautiful way is vital for your house interior to look impressive for potential buyers.

Put Paintings to Good Use

The buyers are not comfortable with the sellers’ agent. So you should not hire them. Instead convince the buyers on your own by using painting in a new and different way. Use them to the fullest. Position them on places that creates a nice impression.

Keep Necessary Accessories

Usually, the houses are filled with stuff and accessories. Real estate agents believe it is a serious mistake which should be avoided when the buyers visit your house. Rather, keep the necessary stuff so that your rooms look wider and more spacious than before.

Satisfy their Sense of Smell

The house smell plays an important role when it comes to impressing the house buyers. All clutter should be removed, and the house should have a decent and attractive smell so that buyers are convinced. Get rid of anything smelly in your house so that it does not create issues.

Declutter Your House

As you plan to sell the house, start by removing the clutter. Papers, grass, tree leaves, and other items in the house should be cleaned. They need to be put away in order to keep the house in an attractive look. Visitors will definitely check this aspect.

Price the House Reasonably

Many home sellers make a mistake when they price the house. They choose a high price which the buyers believe is unreasonable. So be smart and put a price which needs to be negotiated. If the price is reasonable, the buyers will not want any discounts in this regard.

Maximize the Free Space

Your focus should be on creating more space inside the house. It is even more important for the sellers with smaller house. You should create a plan and follow it. Make sure the house looks open.

Dress to Impress the Buyers

When the buyers visit your house to see, you should be nicely dressed. It will have a good impact on the buyers. They will realize you value the buyers and respect them.

Improve Exterior and Interior

Not just the interior, but the exterior should also be improved. Get rid of any issues in the house. Clean everything and present the house in such a manner that no buyer can reject your offer.

Offer Refreshment at Your House

Lastly, there is nothing bad in offering tea or a little refreshment to serious buyers. They will feel valued and you can also build relationships with people this way. On the other hand, your house will be sold earlier than you expect.

That’s it. It is recommended to hire a reputable listing agent DC to ensure best results.

How To Know The Different Types Of Insomnia

Insomnia is a condition where people find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep however, insomnia treatment is available everywhere. A large pool of population is affected by insomnia due to different reasons. There are various types of insomnia such as:

Acute Insomnia

The most common type of insomnia is acute insomnia which is a brief condition and usually lasts either a couple of days or a few weeks. This is a very simple type of insomnia which goes away without any treatment. People usually encounter acute insomnia due to following reasons:

  • Any stressful life event
  • Disruptive environmental factors such as light, noise or temperature
  • Jet lag
  • The reaction of some medicines
  • Uncomfortable position
  • Sleeping in a bed other than your own

Chronic Insomnia

Chronic insomnia is generally a long-term condition in which you might face trouble in falling or staying asleep for at least three nights every week and for about three or more months. If you observe the symptoms of chronic insomnia in yourself then visit the insomnia clinic for proper treatment to get a better and peaceful sleep. The most common triggers of chronic insomnia are:

  • Medications
  • Caffeine intake
  • Mental discomfort such as; stress, anxiety or depression
  • Medical disorders including; Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, sleep apnea or hyperthyroidism
  • Chemotherapy
  • Jet lag

Short-Term Insomnia

It is a type where the insomnia symptoms last lesser than three months hence called short-term insomnia. However the rate of short-term insomnia patients is very low, only 20% of the population suffers short-term insomnia. Causes include:

  • The movement to a different time zone
  • Stress about family or financial issues
  • A trauma
  • Childbirth
  • Medical condition

Onset Insomnia

Ever had difficulty in initiating sleep at the beginning of the night? If yes, then this could be a sign of onset insomnia. This condition sometimes appears as long-term and sometimes as short-term. As per the studies, people who have onset insomnia are likely to have other sleep disorders as well like, periodic limb movement disorder or restless leg syndrome. The following factors could be responsible for causing onset insomnia:

  • Usually, risk factors of acute insomnia and chronic insomnia can also progress into onset insomnia
  • Psychiatric or psychological disorders are the most common cause
  • Intake of excessive caffeine especially after dinner
  • Mental stress, anxiety or depression
Maintenance Insomnia

It refers to the type when a person cannot stay asleep for a longer time or wake up quite early and cannot fall asleep back. Due to maintenance insomnia, you are unable to get enough sleep which affects your daily activities. The risk factors for maintenance insomnia are as follows:

  • Stress or depression
  • Sleep apnea
  • Periodic limb movement disorder or restless leg syndrome
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Respiratory disorders

Comorbid Insomnia

When insomnia symptoms show up along with some other disorders then it is termed as comorbid insomnia. The conditions due to which comorbid insomnia is triggered are:

  • The major cause is the psychiatric disorders for example; depression, anxiety or bipolar disorder
  • Shingles
  • Autoimmune diseases like fibromyalgia
  • Migraine
  • Wounds
  • Arthritis

Sleep Hygiene Insomnia

It is also one of the most common types of insomnia and is being widely spread. This type of insomnia means having a poor environment for sleep and unhealthy/harmful habits before sleeping. For example:

  • An untidy bed which isn’t comfortable enough to sleep
  • The temperature being either too chilly or too hot that you are unable to sleep peacefully
  • Unhealthy habits of eating snacks in bed right before sleeping
  • Harmful habits such as using mobile phones or watching television late at night
  • Napping too long during the day

If you are suffering from any time of insomnia, it is suggested to visit an insomnia clinic Germantown for better consultation and treatment for quicker relief.